In the Slovak Republic, the issue of the prevention of major industrial accidents (MIA) has been covered comprehensively by the Act No. 261/2002 Coll. on the prevention of major industrial accidents and on amendments and supplements to certain acts and by implementing regulations – Decree of MoE SR No. 489/2002 Coll. implementing certain provisions of the Act on the prevention of major industrial accidents and on amendments and supplements to certain acts, and Decree of MoE SR No. 490/2002 Coll. on safety report and on emergency plan as amended.
The Act and its implementing regulations were amended in 2005. By these amendments the Directive 2003/105/EC was fully transposed to the legal system of the Slovak Republic. The Act addresses not only the prevention of major accidents involving dangerous substances, it also deals with preparedness for quick and efficient defeating of MIA with the limitation of its consequences for human life and health and the environment in establishments covered by this law.
For the purpose of the act is required of operators to identify and assess the risks of possible accidents, to adopt security measures, to prepare and to implement major - accident prevention policy and safety management system (in „B“/upper tier category establishments), to fulfill the reporting and information obligation and to provide staff training and equipment for the case of MIA.
Changes associated with the classification of chemicals in the EU (Regulation No. 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures – so called "CLP Regulation on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures") are also taken into account in the field of prevention of major industrial accidents, i.e. in Annex 1 of the new Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council 2012/18/EU on control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substance, subsequently repealing Council Directive 96/82/EC (hereinafter only the Seveso III), which entered into force on 13th August 2012. Member States must bring into force the acts, other regulations and provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 31st May 2015, except Article 30 extending Part 1 of Annex 1 by heavy fuel oils (transposition deadline - 14th February 2014).
Slovak Republic has transposed Article 30 of Seveso III Directive by the Act No. 345/2013 Coll. of 16th October 2013 amending and supplementing Act No. 261/2002 Coll. on the prevention of major industrial accidents and on amendments and supplements to certain acts, as amended. The so-called small amendment of the Act on accidents came into force on 15th February 2014.
Currently a new act on accidents is under preparation, by which the Seveso III Directive will be fully transposed into national legislation - the efficiency of the new act is scheduled from 1st June 2015. Proposed new rules will strengthen legislation in the field of MIA and ensure the necessary high level of protection of human lifes and health and the environment.
Legal regulations of the Slovak Republic